Do you have a friend or a family member who grinds their teeth — especially when they are sleeping? This might be due to a case of Bruxism. Bruxism is an oral condition that is characterized by involuntary grinding the teeth during the night, and, even in some cases, during the day.
Bruxism is a condition that affects both children and adults.
What causes Bruxism?
The cause of Bruxism is not yet known, but there are several factors believed to stimulate the condition. Here are some factors that trigger Bruxism (which can be cognitive)
- Sleep Arousal
There can also be central nervous system anomalies. When the neurotransmitters fail to function in their usual way it may trigger the muscles surrounding the dental formula and cause involuntary movement of the jaw during sleep.
Drugs and Their Effects on Bruxism
Some medical practitioners may or may not agree, but many believe that some drugs that are self-prescribed or doctor-prescribed can induce bruxism, or cause bruxism to flare up. Antidepressant, alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, dopamine, and serotonin are some of the drugs believed to induce bruxism.
A study was conducted to see how selective serotonin caused bruxism; the report showed that an increase in doses caused side effects such as teeth grinding among others. Grinding drastically reduced or altogether stopped after reducing the dosage.
Psychosocial Factors of Bruxism
People are different, and behavioral changes vary from one individual to another. Some people grind their teeth when they are reading or working on something. In a way, that is how they can best indulge in the activity before them.
A test done on lab rats proved the connection between bruxism and psychosocial. There were three groups of rats; one was subjected to electric shock as one group watched and the other was not seeing what was happening. The group that watched presented with a high muscular activity that resembled bruxism.
Genetic Factors of Bruxism
Over 20% of patients with bruxism have a case of a close relative who had it while they were young. The medical fraternity is yet to confirm this, but it is clear there is a relationship between a person’s genes and bruxism. If this is the case the chances of a child of a person who has bruxism having it is high compared to one that has no history of bruxism.
Effects of Bruxism
Bruxism has an adverse impact on the teeth and can cause damages to the dental structure such as:
- Tooth wear and tear
- Deformed jaw bone
- Teeth become sensitive
- Teeth misalignment
Bruxism is managed differently depending on what caused it, and it is crucial to identify the cause for effective treatment. Dentists are able to provide a custom mouth guard to protect the teeth from the effects of grinding. The mouth guard will protect your teeth from wear and tear among other teeth problems caused by bruxism induced grinding.
We can help you manage your bruxism and save your smile at Smile Designs Dentistry. Call today to schedule your consultation. We can give you more information regarding possible treatment and prevention measures.